Banh Cuon Recipe

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vietnamese pork mince rice rolls

Banh Cuon is a traditional Vietnamese dish that has gained popularity around the world. It is a type of rice noodle roll that is typically filled with seasoned ground pork, mushrooms, and onions. The rolls are steamed and served with a variety of accompaniments, such as fresh herbs, fried shallots, and dipping sauce.

Making Banh Cuon at home can seem intimidating at first, but it is actually quite simple with the right recipe and technique. The key to a successful Banh Cuon is in the rice flour batter, which must be thin and spread evenly over a steamer tray. The filling can be customized to suit individual tastes, with options for vegetarian or meat-based fillings. Once the rolls are steamed, they can be served hot or at room temperature, making them a versatile dish for any occasion.

History of Banh Cuon

Banh Cuon, also known as Vietnamese steamed rice rolls, is a popular dish in Vietnamese cuisine. It is a delicate rice noodle roll filled with a variety of ingredients, including ground pork, mushrooms, and onions. The dish is often served with a side of dipping sauce and garnished with fresh herbs and fried shallots.

The origins of Banh Cuon can be traced back to Northern Vietnam, where it was first created as a breakfast dish. It is believed that Banh Cuon was inspired by Chinese cuisine, specifically the Cantonese dish Cheong Fun. However, the Vietnamese version of the dish has its own unique taste and texture.

Over time, Banh Cuon has become a staple in Vietnamese cuisine and can be found in many regions of Vietnam. Each region has its own variation of the dish, incorporating local flavors and ingredients. For example, in the Central region of Vietnam, Banh Cuon is served with a thinner rice paper and a different dipping sauce. In the South, the dish is known as Banh Uot, and the filling can include shrimp or beef in addition to pork.

Banh Cuon has also gained popularity outside of Vietnam, with many Vietnamese restaurants around the world serving the dish. Its delicate texture and flavorful filling make it a favorite among those who enjoy Vietnamese cuisine.

Essential Ingredients

Rice Batter Components

Banh Cuon is a traditional Vietnamese dish that consists of steamed rice rolls. The main component of the dish is the rice batter, which is made from rice flour, tapioca starch, and water. The rice flour and tapioca starch are mixed together to create a smooth batter that is then steamed to create the rice sheets.

Filling Selections

The filling for Banh Cuon can vary depending on personal preference, but traditionally, it consists of ground pork, wood ear mushrooms, and shallots. The pork is seasoned with fish sauce, sugar, and black pepper, and then cooked with the mushrooms and shallots until well done. Other popular fillings include shrimp, chicken, and tofu.

Traditional Garnishes

Banh Cuon is typically served with a variety of garnishes to enhance the flavor of the dish. The most common garnishes include fried shallots, fresh herbs such as cilantro and mint, and sliced cucumbers. The dish is also served with a dipping sauce made from fish sauce, sugar, lime juice, garlic, and chili peppers.

Overall, the key to a delicious Banh Cuon is to use high-quality ingredients and to carefully prepare the rice batter and filling. With the right ingredients and techniques, anyone can create a flavorful and authentic Banh Cuon at home.

Equipment Needed

To make Banh Cuon, there are a few essential pieces of equipment that you will need. Here is a list of the necessary equipment:


A steamer is the most crucial piece of equipment that you will need to make Banh Cuon. It is used to steam the rice paper rolls until they are cooked. You can use a bamboo steamer or an electric steamer. Both types of steamers work well, but the electric steamer is more convenient as it allows you to set the cooking time and temperature.

Rice Cooker

You will need a rice cooker to cook the rice for the Banh Cuon batter. A rice cooker ensures that the rice is cooked perfectly every time, which is essential for making the batter. If you don’t have a rice cooker, you can cook the rice on the stove, but it may not be as consistent.

Non-Stick Pan

A non-stick pan is used to cook the filling for the Banh Cuon. It is important to use a non-stick pan to prevent the filling from sticking to the bottom of the pan. A 10-inch non-stick pan is the perfect size for making Banh Cuon.

Mixing Bowl

You will need a mixing bowl to mix the Banh Cuon batter. A large mixing bowl is recommended as it allows you to mix the batter thoroughly.


A ladle is used to pour the Banh Cuon batter onto the steamer. It is important to use a ladle with a long handle to prevent your hand from getting burned.


A spatula is used to fold the Banh Cuon and remove it from the steamer. It is important to use a spatula with a flat edge to ensure that the Banh Cuon is folded neatly.

By having these essential pieces of equipment, you can make Banh Cuon with ease and achieve the perfect texture and taste.

Preparing the Batter

To make the perfect Banh Cuon, the batter must be prepared with utmost care. The batter is a mixture of rice flour, tapioca starch, and salt, which is then mixed with water to form a smooth batter without any lumps. Here’s how to prepare the batter:

  1. In a large bowl, whisk together the rice flour, tapioca starch, and salt.
  2. Gradually add the water, whisking until the mixture is smooth.
  3. Set the batter aside to rest for at least 1 hour.

It is important to let the batter rest so that it can fully hydrate and become more elastic. This will make it easier to spread the batter thinly and evenly on the steaming tray.

When making the batter, it is important to get the right consistency. The batter should be thin enough to spread easily but thick enough to hold together when steamed. If the batter is too thick, add more water, a little at a time, until the desired consistency is achieved.

Once the batter is ready, it’s time to move on to the next step: preparing the filling. With the right batter consistency, you’ll be able to make delicious and delicate Banh Cuon that will impress your family and friends.

Creating the Filling

Cooking the Meat

To create the filling for Banh Cuon, one needs to start by cooking the meat. Traditionally, Banh Cuon is made with ground pork, but other meats can be used as well. To cook the meat, heat a tablespoon of vegetable oil in a large pan over medium-high heat. Add in the onions and cook for 30 seconds. Then, add in the ground pork and cook until well done, which should take about 2-3 minutes.

Once the meat is cooked, add in the wood ear mushrooms. Wood ear mushrooms are a traditional ingredient in Banh Cuon and add a unique texture to the filling. Cook the mushrooms until they are soft and well combined with the meat.

Mixing with Herbs

After the meat and mushrooms are cooked, it is time to mix in the herbs. Banh Cuon is often filled with a mixture of ground pork, wood ear mushrooms, and herbs such as cilantro, mint, and basil. These herbs add a fresh and fragrant flavor to the filling.

To mix in the herbs, remove the cooked meat and mushrooms from the heat and let them cool for a few minutes. Once cooled, add in the chopped herbs and mix well. The herbs should be evenly distributed throughout the filling mixture.

Overall, creating the filling for Banh Cuon is a simple process that involves cooking the meat, adding in the wood ear mushrooms, and mixing in the herbs. With these simple steps, one can create a delicious and flavorful filling that is perfect for Banh Cuon.

Ingredients Needed Amount
Ground pork 1 pound
Wood ear mushrooms 1 cup
Onions 1/2 cup
Cilantro 1/4 cup
Mint 1/4 cup
Basil 1/4 cup
Vegetable oil 1 tablespoon

Steaming Process

Steaming is an essential step in making Banh Cuon, as it allows the rice batter to cook and form a thin, delicate sheet. The steaming process is relatively simple and requires only a few tools.

To start, fill a large pot or wok with water and bring it to a boil. Meanwhile, prepare the steamer basket by lining it with cheesecloth or a thin, clean cloth. This will prevent the rice batter from sticking to the basket.

Once the water is boiling, ladle a small amount of rice batter onto the steamer basket and spread it out evenly with a spatula. Cover the steamer basket with a lid and let the rice batter cook for 1-2 minutes, or until it has set.

Using a spatula, gently remove the rice sheet from the steamer basket and transfer it to a plate. Repeat the process until all of the rice batter has been used.

It is important to note that the thickness of the rice sheet can vary depending on personal preference and the amount of batter used. Thicker sheets may require longer cooking times, while thinner sheets may cook more quickly.

Overall, the steaming process is a crucial step in creating the delicate texture and flavor of Banh Cuon. With a little practice and patience, anyone can master this technique and create delicious, homemade Banh Cuon.

Assembling Banh Cuon

Assembling Banh Cuon is a simple yet delicate process. The rice sheets are extremely thin and can easily tear, so it’s important to handle them with care. Here is a step-by-step guide to assembling Banh Cuon:

  1. Place a rice sheet on a flat surface, such as a cutting board or plate.
  2. Spoon a small amount of filling onto the center of the rice sheet. The filling can be a combination of ground pork, mushrooms, and shallots, or any other filling of your choice.
  3. Fold the bottom edge of the rice sheet over the filling, then fold the sides inwards to enclose the filling.
  4. Roll the rice sheet tightly upwards to form a cylinder shape, similar to a spring roll.
  5. Repeat the process with the remaining rice sheets and filling.

It’s important to note that the dipping sauce is an essential component of Banh Cuon. The sauce is typically made with fish sauce, vinegar, sugar, garlic, and chili, and can be adjusted to suit individual tastes.

To serve Banh Cuon, arrange the rolls on a platter and serve with the dipping sauce on the side. Garnish with fresh herbs, such as cilantro or Thai basil, and sliced chilies for an extra kick of flavor.

Overall, assembling Banh Cuon requires patience and a gentle touch, but the end result is a delicious and satisfying dish that is sure to impress.

Serving Suggestions

Accompanying Sauces

Banh Cuon is traditionally served with a variety of sauces that complement the delicate flavors of the rice rolls. The most common sauce is a mixture of fish sauce, sugar, lime juice, garlic, and chili. This sauce can be adjusted to taste by adding more or less of the ingredients. Some people prefer a sweeter sauce, while others prefer a spicier sauce.

Another popular sauce is a peanut sauce made with peanut butter, hoisin sauce, soy sauce, and water. This sauce is thicker and creamier than the fish sauce mixture and adds a nutty flavor to the dish. Some people also like to serve Banh Cuon with a simple soy sauce and vinegar mixture.

Presentation Tips

When serving Banh Cuon, it is important to present the dish in an appealing way. The rice rolls can be arranged on a plate in a circular pattern, with the accompanying sauces in small bowls in the center. Alternatively, the sauces can be drizzled over the top of the rice rolls for a more artistic presentation.

To add some color and texture to the dish, Banh Cuon can be garnished with chopped cilantro, sliced scallions, and crushed peanuts. These toppings also add a fresh flavor to the dish and complement the savory flavors of the rice rolls.

Overall, Banh Cuon is a versatile dish that can be customized to suit individual tastes. By experimenting with different sauces and toppings, anyone can create a unique and delicious meal that is sure to impress.

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