Goi Cuon Recipe

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vietnamese spring roll with prawn

Goi Cuon, also known as Vietnamese spring rolls, is a popular dish that has gained popularity worldwide. It is a refreshing appetizer that is perfect for a hot summer day or as a light meal. Goi Cuon is made up of a combination of fresh vegetables, herbs, rice noodles, and protein (usually shrimp or pork) all wrapped in rice paper.

The dish is often served with a side of peanut dipping sauce, which adds a sweet and savory flavor to the rolls. The peanut sauce is made from a mixture of hoisin sauce, peanut butter, garlic, and water. The rolls are easy to make and can be customized to suit individual tastes. They are also a great way to incorporate more vegetables into one’s diet.

In this article, we will explore the history and origins of Goi Cuon, as well as provide a step-by-step guide on how to make the dish at home. We will also discuss the nutritional benefits of the dish and provide tips on how to customize the rolls to suit individual dietary needs. Whether you are a seasoned cook or a beginner in the kitchen, this article will provide you with all the information you need to make delicious and healthy Goi Cuon at home.

History of Goi Cuon

Goi Cuon, also known as Vietnamese Spring Rolls, is a traditional Vietnamese dish that has been around for centuries. The dish originated in the Northern region of Vietnam and has since spread throughout the country and beyond.

The name “Goi Cuon” translates to “salad roll” in English. It is a dish made up of a variety of fresh ingredients wrapped in rice paper and served cold. The dish is often served as an appetizer or snack and is a popular street food in Vietnam.

The ingredients used in Goi Cuon vary depending on the region and personal preference. However, the most common ingredients include rice vermicelli noodles, shrimp, pork, lettuce, herbs, and bean sprouts. The dish is often served with a dipping sauce made from peanut butter, hoisin sauce, and other spices.

Goi Cuon is believed to have been influenced by Chinese cuisine, specifically the Chinese Spring Rolls. However, the Vietnamese version of the dish is distinct in its use of fresh ingredients and cold serving temperature.

Today, Goi Cuon is enjoyed by people all over the world and has become a staple in Vietnamese cuisine. Its popularity can be attributed to its light and refreshing taste, as well as its nutritious and healthy ingredients.

Essential Ingredients

When it comes to making Vietnamese Spring Rolls (Goi Cuon), there are a few essential ingredients that are necessary to achieve the authentic taste and texture. Here are the key ingredients that you will need:

Rice Paper

Rice paper is a thin, translucent wrapper made from rice flour and water. It is an essential ingredient in making Vietnamese Spring Rolls. Rice paper is available in different sizes, but for Goi Cuon, the large ones measuring about 22 cm (9″) are preferred. Rice paper is usually sold in packages and can be found in most Asian grocery stores or online.


Proteins are an essential component of Vietnamese Spring Rolls. They provide the necessary protein and flavor to the dish. The most common proteins used in Goi Cuon are shrimp, pork, and tofu. The shrimp should be cleaned, cooked, and sliced in half lengthwise. The pork should be thinly sliced and cooked until tender. The tofu should be sliced into small pieces and fried until golden brown.


Vegetables are another essential component of Vietnamese Spring Rolls. They provide the necessary crunch and freshness to the dish. The most common vegetables used in Goi Cuon are lettuce, cucumber, carrot, and bean sprouts. The lettuce should be washed and dried, and then cut into thin strips. The cucumber should be peeled, seeded, and cut into thin strips. The carrot should be peeled and cut into thin strips. The bean sprouts should be washed and drained.


Herbs are an important ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine, and they play a crucial role in the flavor of Goi Cuon. The most common herbs used in Goi Cuon are mint, cilantro, and Thai basil. The mint and cilantro should be washed and dried, and then chopped finely. The Thai basil should be washed and dried, and then the leaves should be removed from the stem.

In conclusion, these are the essential ingredients that are required to make authentic Vietnamese Spring Rolls (Goi Cuon). By using these ingredients, you can create a delicious and healthy dish that is perfect for any occasion.

Preparation Tools and Equipment

Preparing Goi Cuon requires a few essential tools and equipment to make the process easier and more efficient. Some of the necessary tools include:

1. Cutting Board and Knife

A sharp knife and a cutting board are essential for slicing and dicing the vegetables, herbs, and proteins needed for the Goi Cuon recipe. It’s important to have a large enough cutting board to accommodate all the ingredients and a sharp knife to make clean cuts.

2. Rice Paper

Rice paper is the primary ingredient for making Goi Cuon. It’s essential to have high-quality rice paper that is pliable and easy to work with. It’s recommended to buy rice paper that is labeled specifically for making Goi Cuon.

3. Large Bowl of Water

A large bowl of water is needed to soak the rice paper before wrapping the ingredients. The water should be room temperature and deep enough to submerge the rice paper completely.

4. Strainer

A strainer is needed to remove excess water from the rice paper after soaking. It’s important to remove as much water as possible to prevent the rice paper from tearing or becoming too soggy.

5. Dipping Sauce Bowl

A small dipping sauce bowl is needed to serve the dipping sauce alongside the Goi Cuon. It’s recommended to use a heat-safe bowl to prevent the sauce from becoming too cold.

Overall, these tools and equipment are essential for preparing Goi Cuon. Using high-quality ingredients and the right equipment will ensure that the Goi Cuon turns out delicious and visually appealing.

Step-by-Step Cooking Instructions

Preparing the Filling

To make the filling for the Vietnamese spring rolls (Goi Cuon), start by cooking the pork. In a large pot, add pork, sugar, salt, and enough water to cover 1 inch of the pork belly. Bring it to a boil over high heat. When it reaches a boil, lower the heat to medium heat and simmer for about 30 minutes.

While the pork is cooking, prepare the rest of the filling ingredients. Cut the cooked pork into thin slices and set it aside. Cook the vermicelli noodles per package instructions. Drain, rinse with cold water, and set aside.

Next, prepare the vegetables. Wash and dry lettuce leaves, and then cut them into thin strips. Cut the cucumber, carrot, and avocado into thin strips as well. Finally, chop the cilantro and mint leaves.

Wrapping Technique

To wrap the Vietnamese spring rolls, you will need rice paper wrappers. Dip one rice paper wrapper into a bowl of warm water for about 5 seconds or until it becomes soft and pliable.

Place the softened rice paper wrapper on a clean, damp kitchen towel. Add a lettuce leaf on top of the wrapper, and then add a small amount of each filling ingredient on top of the lettuce leaf. Be careful not to overfill the wrapper.

Next, fold the sides of the wrapper over the filling, and then roll it up tightly. Repeat the process with the remaining ingredients.

Serve the Vietnamese spring rolls with peanut sauce or another dipping sauce of your choice.

Overall, making Vietnamese spring rolls (Goi Cuon) is a simple and enjoyable process that can be done in the comfort of your own home. By following these step-by-step instructions, you can create a delicious and healthy dish that is perfect for any occasion.

Traditional Dipping Sauces

Hoisin Peanut Sauce

Hoisin Peanut Sauce is a popular dipping sauce that is often served with Vietnamese Spring Rolls. Made with hoisin sauce, peanut butter, garlic, and water, this sauce has a sweet and savory flavor that pairs well with the fresh ingredients in the spring rolls. To make the sauce, saute garlic in oil until fragrant, then add in hoisin sauce, peanut butter, and water and mix thoroughly. Bring to a boil, then immediately turn off the heat and pour into a heat-safe dipping bowl. The sauce will slightly thicken as it cools.

Nuoc Cham

Nuoc Cham is a traditional Vietnamese dipping sauce that is often served with a variety of dishes, including Vietnamese Spring Rolls. Made with fish sauce, lime juice, sugar, garlic, and chili peppers, this sauce has a tangy, sweet, and spicy flavor that complements the fresh ingredients in the spring rolls. To make the sauce, combine fish sauce, lime juice, sugar, garlic, and chili peppers in a small bowl and stir until the sugar is dissolved. Adjust the seasoning to taste, adding more sugar for sweetness or more chili peppers for spice.

When serving Vietnamese Spring Rolls, it is common to offer both Hoisin Peanut Sauce and Nuoc Cham as dipping options. This allows guests to choose their preferred flavor profile and enjoy the spring rolls to their liking.

Serving and Presentation

Goi cuon is a visually appealing dish that can be served as an appetizer or a light meal. The dish is traditionally served with a dipping sauce, such as peanut sauce or nuoc cham, which adds flavor and depth to the rolls.

When serving goi cuon, it is important to present the rolls in an appealing manner. One way to do this is to arrange the rolls on a platter or a plate, with the dipping sauce in a separate bowl. Another way is to serve the rolls individually on small plates, with a small bowl of dipping sauce placed on the side.

To add some color and texture to the presentation, fresh herbs such as mint, basil, or cilantro can be used as a garnish. Additionally, sliced cucumbers, carrots, or lettuce can be placed around the plate to create a more visually appealing presentation.

Overall, serving and presenting goi cuon is a simple yet important aspect of enjoying this delicious Vietnamese dish. By taking the time to arrange the rolls in an appealing manner and offering a flavorful dipping sauce, guests are sure to be impressed with this light and refreshing dish.

Common Variations

Vegetarian Options

Goi Cuon is a versatile dish that can easily be adapted to suit a vegetarian diet. Instead of using pork or shrimp, one can substitute them with tofu or tempeh. The rice paper can be filled with a variety of fresh vegetables like lettuce, cucumber, carrots, and herbs like cilantro and mint. The peanut dipping sauce can be made vegan by using a vegan-friendly hoisin sauce and omitting the fish sauce.

Seafood Variations

Seafood lovers can try different variations of Goi Cuon by adding their favorite seafood to the filling. Shrimp is a popular choice, but one can also use crab meat, lobster, or even smoked salmon. The seafood can be cooked and seasoned with spices like garlic, ginger, and lemongrass before being added to the filling. The dipping sauce can also be made with a seafood twist by using fish sauce and adding a dash of lime juice.

It is essential to note that the ingredients used in Goi Cuon can vary depending on the region and personal preferences. Some people prefer to add vermicelli noodles to the filling, while others prefer to keep it simple with just vegetables. The key is to experiment and find the combination that works best for you.

Nutritional Information

Goi Cuon is a Vietnamese dish that is known for its fresh and healthy ingredients. The dish is low in calories and fat, making it a great option for those who are looking to maintain a healthy diet.

The nutritional content of Goi Cuon can vary depending on the ingredients used. However, a typical serving of Goi Cuon contains approximately 150-200 calories. The dish is also a good source of protein, fiber, and vitamins.

One of the key ingredients in Goi Cuon is rice paper, which is low in calories and fat. The dish also includes a variety of vegetables such as lettuce, cucumber, and carrots, which are rich in vitamins and minerals. Vermicelli noodles are another common ingredient in Goi Cuon, which provide a good source of carbohydrates.

The protein in Goi Cuon usually comes from shrimp, pork, or tofu. Shrimp is a good source of protein and low in fat, while pork provides a good source of iron and protein. Tofu is a great option for vegetarians and vegans, as it is a good source of protein and contains no cholesterol.

Overall, Goi Cuon is a healthy and delicious dish that can be enjoyed as an appetizer or a light meal. It is a great option for those who are looking to maintain a healthy diet without sacrificing flavor.

Storage and Making Ahead

Goi Cuon is best served fresh, but it is possible to store them in the refrigerator for a few hours before serving. To store them, wrap them tightly in plastic wrap to prevent them from drying out. They can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 4 hours.

If you want to make Goi Cuon ahead of time, you can prepare the filling and store it in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 24 hours. However, it is recommended to assemble the rolls just before serving to ensure freshness and prevent the rice paper from drying out.

Another option is to freeze the rolls for later use. To freeze Goi Cuon, place them in a single layer on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper and freeze until solid. Once frozen, transfer them to a freezer-safe container or bag and store them in the freezer for up to 2 months.

When ready to serve, thaw the rolls in the refrigerator overnight and then bring them to room temperature before serving. Alternatively, you can reheat the rolls in a steamer basket for a few minutes until warmed through.

It is important to note that the texture and taste of the rolls may be slightly different after freezing and reheating. Therefore, it is recommended to consume them fresh whenever possible for the best experience.

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